Why in news: On December 1, the world witnessed the official commencement of operations for JT-60SA, the largest and most advanced nuclear fusion reactor, located in Japan’s Ibaraki Prefecture. This ground breaking project is a collaborative effort between the European Union and Japan

JT-60SA Inauguration:

The world’s largest and most advanced experimental nuclear fusion reactor, JT-60SA, has commenced operations in Japan’s Ibaraki Prefecture. Developed collaboratively by the European Union and Japan, it signifies a major stride toward utilizing nuclear fusion as a clean, sustainable energy source.

Physical Attributes:

Housed in Naka, north of Tokyo, the reactor, towering six stories high, contains a doughnut-shaped “tokamak” vessel. This structure is designed to manage swirling plasma heated to a remarkable 200 million degrees Celsius, showcasing cutting-edge technology.

Connection to ITER:

JT-60SA serves as a precursor to ITER in France, sharing the goal of coaxing hydrogen nuclei into helium for energy release.

Future Potential:

 Nuclear fusion’s proponents anticipate its potential as a game-changer in meeting global energy demands sustainably. Its clean energy production could significantly minimize environmental impact, making the inauguration of JT-60SA a pivotal step towards realizing this technology.